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Surname: Bernese Mountain Dog
Alternative names: Dürrbächler
Original origin: Switzerland
FCI group: Pinscher and Schnauzer
size: up to 70cm
size: up to 65cm
Mass () : 40 - 50kg
Mass () : 35 - 45kg
Life expectancy: 5 - 8 years
litter size: 6 - 9
coat color: mostly black
coat type: soft
coat length: medium in length
Character / essence: loyal, loyal, peaceful, patient
attitude: needs a lot of exercise and human attention
Bernese Mountain Dog - introduction information
As its name suggests, it comes from Bernese Mountain Dog from the Bernese Oberland, where in the 19th century it was considered and used by wealthy peasants as an important workhorse. With its imposing stature and pronounced guardian instinct, it was primarily used to protect the home, farm and livestock from theft by humans and predators. According to old reports, the extremely strong Berner Sennenhunde were occasionally stretched in front of small cars as train dogs. Since 1910, they have been internationally recognized as an independent breed and enjoy great popularity as companion and family dogs in many European countries.
The Bernese Mountain Dog is of strong physique and reaches a shoulder height of up to seventy centimeters with a weight of up to fifty kilograms. Striking are his long and soft, tricolor in black with russet and white accents around the eyes, paws and belly appearing on the belly and his ears set high on the head half-length ears. His dark brown, almost almond-shaped eyes give him a sincere look that hints at his gentle and extremely good-natured nature. The Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent family dog, who is affectionate and very patient to young children. He has a strong protector instinct that makes him an excellent watchdog. He encounters strange people in a reserved, but mostly peaceful way. He is characterized by a quick mind and is therefore easy to educate. This breed is therefore often used as a therapy, rescue and herding dog. The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very sociable and human-related pet who always wants to be close to his family and through loneliness develops sometimes nervous or aggressive behavioral patterns. Since he was bred as a sporting workhorse, he needs a high degree of exercise and employment. Daily long walks are a must, the attitude in a house with a large garden advantageous.
Bernese Mountain Dogs have a significantly lower life expectancy than other comparable sized breeds due to their high susceptibility to inherited genetic diseases. Malignant mast cell tumors in particular are responsible for the overwhelming proportion of all deaths of Bernese mountain dogs. Only about a quarter of the animals reach the age of ten, and deaths before the age of four are not uncommon even in Bernese Mountain Dogs.