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The tick - profile


Characteristics

Surname: Tick
Latin name: Ixodida
class: Arachnids
size: 1 - 10mm
mass: ?
Older: 1 - 5 years
Appearance: black, brown, red
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Blood eaters (hematophagus)
food: Blood
distribution: worldwide
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Forests and meadows
natural enemies: Threadworms, birds
sexual maturity: species-specific
mating season: all year round
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the tick

  • In the case of a tick bite, the tick should only be removed with a pair of ticks, otherwise there is a risk that the tick will empty its stomach contents (with possible Borrelia bacteria) into the wound.
  • Ticks do not fall from trees, but lurk in the tall grass. The risk of not landing on the host would be far too great for the tick.
  • With a single blood meal, a tick can survive for several years.
  • So that the host animal does not notice the tick bite, the tick anesthetizes the skin before the bite with a pain-suppressing anesthetic.
  • Ticks can transmit TBE viruses (tick-borne encephalitis). Especially the common wood buck has a relatively high infection rate.
  • Ticks belong to the class of arachnids. In the course of evolution they have specialized in sucking blood.
  • Ticks suck blood for two reasons: food and reproduction. For the formation of eggs, females need certain ingredients from the blood of the hosts. Male ticks suck correspondingly less blood, because the egg formation with them falls away.
  • At the end of a meal, a tick can weigh 200 times its previous weight.
  • So that the blood does not clot, the tick has an anticoagulant in the saliva.
  • Ticks can locate their hosts using Haller's organ. On both front legs are these sensitive receptors that sense body temperature, sweat and exhaled carbon dioxide.
  • Ticks are very temperature sensitive. Neither in extremely cold, nor in extremely warm regions, they have a chance of survival.