Latin name: Vespinae
size: 0,9 - 1,5cm
Older: Max. 1 year
Appearance: striped yellow-black
Nutrition type: Larvae are insectivores (insektivor), adult wasps are plant sucker
original origin: Europe, Asia, North America
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Forests, meadows
natural enemies: Hornet, dragonfly, cuckoo's sawfly, honey buzzard
sexual maturity: only for drones and queens
mating season: August - October
social behavior: state-forming insect
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Comparison of bees, wasps and hornets.
Interesting about the wasp
- A wasp people consists of 2000 - 10.000 individuals.
- Wasps, unlike bees, can sting as often as they like.
- Adult wasps feed on nectar and plant juices. In contrast, wasps in the larval stage are fed with protein-containing insects.
- A wasp people live only one year. Queens and workers die as soon as temperatures drop for the first time in November. Only the fertilized queens look for a hiding place, and spend the cold season in winter stare.
- The sting of a single wasp is usually absolutely harmless. Except allergic persons, where a wasp sting in the worst case leads to an allergic shock.
- Wasps usually defend their home nest against possible intruders. The cuckoo's weed resembles the wasp and is not perceived as an enemy by it. Once in the nest, she kills the queen and lays her own eggs in the honeycomb, which are then raised by the unrelated female workers.
- Depending on the species, wasps build earth nests or hanging nests. Compared to bee nests, the honeycombs are not made of wax, but of weathered wood (paper nest). The wasps salivate the wood and make it so malleable. Because wasp peoples do not survive the winter, they also do not need to stock up.
- The wasp queen "decides" what to hatch from her eggs. Unfertilized eggs become drones (male wasps), fertilized eggs become workers.
- Numerous insects imitate the colors of the wasp (mimicry) in order to be regarded as a defensive wasp by potential predators. Instead, they are harmless (for example the hoverfly).