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The Hoopoe - Wanted Poster

The Hoopoe - Wanted Poster



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Characteristics

Surname: Hoopoe
Latin name: Upupa epops
class: Birds
size: 24 - 32cm
mass: 40 - 90g
Older: 6 - 10 years
Appearance: orange-brown plumage on head and neck, striking feather cap, black and white plumage on back and arms, long beak
Sexual dimorphism: ?
Nutrition type: mainly insectivore (insectivore)
food: Field cricket, insect larvae, spiders
distribution: Europe, Africa, Asia
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: preferably semi-open landscapes
natural enemies: Birds of prey
sexual maturity: ?
mating season: depending on the location of the population
breeding season: 16 - 19 days
clutch size: 4 - 10 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the hoopoe

  • The hoopoe or Upupa epops describes a species of birds that includes several subspecies and is counted to order the hornbill and horned birds.
  • It is native to much of central and western Europe and the Baltic, with only a few hundred breeding pairs living in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The most widespread is the hoopoe in Hungary and in the countries of the Mediterranean. The hoopoe is also widespread in North Africa, in Arabia as well as in the Near East and Russia.
  • It inhabits open landscapes, in which a largely warm and above all dry climate prevails. Since he is looking for prey on the ground, he prefers meadows and pastures with sparse soil vegetation and cultivated landscapes such as vineyards or orchards.
  • During the breeding season he is found in floodplains and sparse forests, where he colonizes caves for the rearing of the young.
  • The hoopoe reaches a total body length of on average 28 centimeters and has an orange-brown plumage on the head, neck, back and belly. The wings, the tail and the tip of the characteristic hood have a striking black and white band.
  • His hoop can raise the hoopoe and fanned wide.
  • The thin beak is noticeably long and slightly bent down.
  • The hoopoe feeds mainly on crickets, beetles, spiders, various caterpillars and grubs. Occasionally he also looses lizards, frogs, eggs and other species of birds or centipedes.
  • Males and females gather to monogamous seasonal heights and build their nests in caves, which they find in crevices, trees, branches or under roofs and in house facades.
  • After a breeding period of a maximum of 19 days usually hatch five to eight chicks, which are fledging after about four weeks.
  • The young birds remain after leaving the nest for a few weeks in the vicinity of parents and siblings.
  • The hoopoe reaches a maximum age of ten years. However, many hoopoes fall victim to martens or birds of prey.