Do you know which is this small flower in Asturias?

Do you know which is this small flower in Asturias?

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Was located in the Turón valley on Mieres, Asturias, Spain ( Found it at 900 meters of altitude. The plant is just about 8 cm high maybe. All the ones I've found were alone. Just one flower from a couple of leaves.

Kind of reminds me of a Cyclamen?

It is an Erythronium lily commonly called a "dog's-tooth-violet" or "trout lily". I see that one of the species Erythronium dens-canis is found in Spain, being native to Europe. Most of the Erythronium species are native to North America. The foliage is very attractive and they are commonly grown as ornimentals. The flower in your photo is just opening. I have included a few links that better describe these lilies.


Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. They are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Together, all of the petals of a flower are called the corolla. Petals are usually accompanied by another set of modified leaves called sepals, that collectively form the calyx and lie just beneath the corolla. The calyx and the corolla together make up the perianth. When the petals and sepals of a flower are difficult to distinguish, they are collectively called tepals. Examples of plants in which the term tepal is appropriate include genera such as Aloe and Tulipa. Conversely, genera such as Rosa and Phaseolus have well-distinguished sepals and petals. When the undifferentiated tepals resemble petals, they are referred to as "petaloid", as in petaloid monocots, orders of monocots with brightly colored tepals. Since they include Liliales, an alternative name is lilioid monocots.

Although petals are usually the most conspicuous parts of animal-pollinated flowers, wind-pollinated species, such as the grasses, either have very small petals or lack them entirely (apetalous).

Do you know which is this small flower in Asturias? - Biology

The Four Major Groups of Plants
First posted June 13, 2004* Last updated October 19, 2005

Mosses, Ferns, Conifers, and Flowering Plants

There are 280,000 plants on Earth
but we can simplify this diversity into these four groups

Land plants evolved about 500 million years ago. They faced a problem that did not exist for aquatic plants: they needed to live in two different worlds. They needed to be part of the soil world, to get water, nutrients, and stability, but they also needed to be in the air, to get sunlight and carbon dioxide. Land plants solved this problem by developing roots as well as stems and leaves, and a system of vessels (xylem and phloem) to connect them. All four of the land plant groups have these features (except mosses do not have vessels). Their differences are seen in whether or not they have seeds or flowers, and in aspects of these features.

All land plants have another characteristic, called alternation of generations. We will not go into the details of this, other than to state the two generations are called the gametophyte (produces gametes) and the sporophyte (produces spores) generations. We need to mention these because the four plant groups each have unique alternation of generations.

The first group of land plants are the mosses and their allies, the liverworts and hornworts. Together, they are called the bryophytes. They are land plants, but do not have seeds or flowers. The gametophyte generation, that is, the generation that is the larger, more easily seen, is the one that produces gametes, not the one that produces spores. The sporophyte generation is a little plant that grows on or just under the soil and is rarely seen.

Mosses reproduce with spores. If you look closely, you can sometimes see a little bulb on a thin stalk, sticking up from the moss. This structure is called a seta, and it is the sporophyte generation. The stalk is called a foot, and the bulb at the end is called a capsule. It contains the sporangium, which is the structure that produces the spores. Mosses lack vessels, so they are restricted to smaller sizes and more moist environments than other land plants.

Mosses, then, are land plants without seeds or flowers, with a dominant gametophyte generation.

The photograph at right was taken along a small creek that flows into Austin Creek, just above camp.

Ferns, horsetails, and their allies make up the second group of land plants, the pteridophytes. These plants all have vascular systems, made up of xylem (flow of water and nutrients from roots to leaves) and phloem (flow of sugars and other metabolic products from leaves to roots). Mosses do not have vascular systems. Ferns, however, do not have flowers.

This fern is found throughout Caz, under the shade of the redwoods.

This horsetail is found along Ausin Creek.

The gymnosperms ("naked seeds") make up the third group of land plants. They produce seeds, not spores, that are contained within a cone. Seeds are a great evolutionary development, since, unlike spores, they are multicellular and contain nutrition for the new, developing plant, all within a protective coat. The largest group of gymnosperms are the conifers ("cone bearer"), which include the redwoods and Dougles-firs which are the dominant plants of Caz.

Conifers produce pollen cones, in which develop microsporangia, which undergo meiosis, producing pollen grains, which are immature male gametophytes. The pollen is blown by the wind onto female cones. This is a fairly inefficient process, so the conifers must produce a very large amount of pollen to ensure the female cones get fertilized. If you are in a conifer forest in the spring, you will find that your tent and car become covered in pollen grains. When a female cone gets fertilized with pollen, it produces seeds. The seeds are not contained within an ovary, so are considered "naked". The tall plant we recognize as a redwood is the sporophyte generation.

The final group of land plants are the angiosperms, also known as the flowering plants. The evolution of the flower represents the high point of plant evolution. The flower attracts many animals which assist in pollination, making the process of pollination more efficient and less random than in the gymnosperms. The seed develops in an ovary, which becomes a fruit. The fruit serves to help seed dispersal, since animals eat the seeds, which generally pass unharmed through the animal's intestinal tract. Birds and mammals may deposit the seeds, along with a little bit of fertilizer, a long way from the original plant.

The tanbark oak is also a flowering plant, but its flowers are small and inconspicuous. The "acorn" that is produced is the seed.

How do flowers know when it’s time to bloom?

You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4.0 International license.

Researchers have uncovered exactly where a key plant protein forms before it causes flowers to bloom.

Until now, no one has pinpointed which cells produce the small protein, called Flowering Locus T (FT). The study also points to an extensive intercellular signaling system that regulates FT production.

“Understanding where FT is located and how it coordinates with other flowering factors is important to breeders it’s useful for breeders for the fine manipulation of flowering times,” says Qingguo Chen, the paper’s first author and a research associate in the lab of Robert Turgeon, the paper’s senior author and professor of plant biology at Cornell University.

Flowering in many plants begins with the perception of day-length, which occurs in the leaves. Some plants flower in short days and others in long days.

It was previously known that in Arabidopsis plants, long day-length starts a process where leaves synthesize and transmit FT in the plant’s vascular tissue, called the phloem, which carries sugars and nutrients from leaves to the rest of the plant. FT travels to the shoot apex, the highest point of new leaves and stems, where it promotes the formation of flowers.

Flowering regulation is complex, with the release of FT controlled by more than 30 proteins in interacting cascades. “There’s a complicated network and you can’t unravel it until you realize what is going on with these particular cells, so the geography is very important,” says Turgeon.

Because leaf veins are very small and covered by photosynthetic cells rich in green chlorophyll, identifying the FT-producing cells was difficult. In the study, Turgeon and colleagues used fluorescent proteins to identify the cells in the phloem (veins) where FT was produced.

The researchers discovered that FT was also produced in the same type of companion cells in the phloem of Maryland Mammoth tobacco. Furthermore, when they killed these companion cells, it delayed flowering in both Arabidopisis and the tobacco plants.

When they looked more closely at the pathways that lead to flowering, they found that killing these companion cells stopped the process downstream of FT, but not upstream, confirming that FT originates in these cells and that the synthesis of FT is regulated by an extensive intercellular signaling system.

Funding for the study came from the National Science Foundation and Purdue University.

Autosomal single-gene Traits in Humans

Single-gene autosomal traits include widow's peak and freckles, both of which are illustrated below. Widow's peak refers to a point in the hairline at the center of the forehead. Assume that the dominant and recessive alleles for the widow's peak gene are represented by Wand w, respectively. Because this is a dominant trait, people with the genotype WW and the genotype Ww will have a widow's peak, and only people with the genotype ww will not have the trait.

Figure (PageIndex<7>): Widow's peak is a dominant trait that is controlled by a gene located on an autosomal chromosome.

Assume that the dominant and recessive alleles for freckles are represented by F and f, respectively. Because it is a dominant trait, people with the genotype FF and the genotype Ff will have freckles, and only people with the genotype ff will not have the trait.

Figure (PageIndex<8>): Having freckles is a single-gene autosomal dominant trait


The grape starts its annual growth cycle in the spring with bud break. In the Northern Hemisphere, this stage begins around March while in the Southern Hemisphere it begins around September when daily temperatures begin to surpass 10 °C (50 °F). If the vine had been pruned during the winter, the start of this cycle is signaled by a "bleeding" of the vine. This bleeding occurs when the soil begins to warm and osmotic forces pushes water, containing a low concentration of organic acids, hormones, minerals and sugars, up from the root system of the vine and it is expelled from the cuts (or "wounds") left over from pruning the vine. During this period a single vine can "bleed" up to 5 litres (1.3 US gal) of water. [2]

Tiny buds on the vine start to swell and eventually shoots begin to grow from the buds. Buds are the small part of the vine that rest between the vine's stem and the petiole (leaf stem). Inside the buds contain usually three primordial shoots. These buds appear in the summer of previous growth cycle green and covered in scales. During winter dormancy they turn brown until the spring when the vine begins the process of bud break and the first sign of green in the vineyard emerges in the form of tiny shoots. [3] The energy to facilitate this growth comes from reserves of carbohydrate stored in roots and wood of the vine from the last growth cycle. Eventually the shoots sprout tiny leaves that can begin the process of photosynthesis, producing the energy to accelerate growth. In warm climates, after about 4 weeks the growth of the shoots starts to rapidly accelerate with the shoots growing in length an average of 3 cm (1 in) a day. [1]

In temperate climates, where temperatures can reach above 10 °C (50 °F) in mid-winter, some early budding varieties (such as Chardonnay) can be at risk of premature bud break. This is a potential viticultural hazard in places like the Margaret River region of Western Australia where warm currents from the Indian Ocean can coax Chardonnay vines to prematurely bud in the mid-winter month of July. After bud break, the young shoots are very vulnerable to frost damage with vineyard managers going to great lengths protect the fragile shoots should temperature dramatically drop below freezing. This can include setting up heaters or wind circulators in the vineyard to keep cold air from settling on the vines. [3]

Depending on temperatures, 40–80 days after bud break the process of flowering begins with small flower clusters resembling buttons appearing on the tips of the young shoots. Flowering occurs when average daily temperatures stay between 15–20 °C (59–68 °F) which in the Northern Hemisphere wine regions is generally around May and for the Southern Hemisphere regions around November. A few weeks after the initial clusters appear, the flowers start to grow in size with individual flowers becoming observable. [1] It is during this stage of flowering that the pollination and fertilization of the grapevine takes place with the resulting product being a grape berry, containing 1–4 seeds. [4]

Most cultivated Vitis vinifera grape vines are hermaphroditic, with both male stamens and female ovaries, while many wild grapes are either male, producing pollen but no fruit, or female, producing fruit only if a pollinator is nearby. [5] Hermaphroditic vines are preferred for cultivation because each vine is more likely to self-pollinate and produce fruit.

At the beginning of the flowering process the only part that is visible is the fused cap of petals known as the calyptra. Shortly after the calyptra is shed, liberating the pollen from the anthers of the stamen. Wind and insects generally play only a small role in aiding pollination, with the process being mostly self-contained within the vine. But cross-pollination between vines of different varieties is possible: Cabernet Sauvignon is a cross of Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon blanc Petite Sirah is a cross of Syrah and Peloursin. During the process of fertilization, the pollen fertilizes the ovary which produces seeds as the flower begins the transformation into a grape berry, encapsulating the seed. Detrimental weather (cold, wind & rain) can severely affect the flowering process, causing many flowers not to be fertilized and produce a group. [4] It is during this time when the buds that will become next years crops begin to form. [1]

The stage of fruit set follows flowering almost immediately, when the fertilized flower begins to develop a seed and grape berry to protect the seed. In the Northern Hemisphere, this normally takes place in May and in the Southern Hemisphere in November. [1] This stage is very critical for wine production since it determines the potential crop yield. Not every flower on the vine gets fertilized, with the unfertilized flowers eventually falling off the vine. The percentage of fertilized flowers averages around 30 but can get as high as 60 or be much lower. Climate and the health of the vine play an important role with low humidity, high temperatures and water stress having the potential of severely reducing the amount flowers that get fertilized. Coulure occurs when there is an imbalance of carbohydrate levels in the vine tissues and some berries fail to set or simply fall off the bunch. Varieties like Grenache and Malbec are prone to this abnormal fruit set. Millerandage occurs when some fertilized flowers do not form seeds but only small berry clusters. Grape berry size depends on the number of seeds so berries with no seeds will be significantly smaller than berries containing seeds. On one cluster there may be berries of various sizes which can create problems during winemaking due to the varying "skin to pulp" ratio among the grapes. [6] This can be caused by vine disease, such as fanleaf, or by a boron deficiency in the vine. Gewürztraminer and the Chardonnay clones IA and Mendoza are both prone to millerandage. [7]

Following fruit set, the grape berries are green and hard to the touch. They have very little sugar and are high in organic acids. They begin to grow to about half their final size when they enter the stage of veraison. This stage signals the beginning of the ripening process and normally takes place around 40–50 days after fruit set. In the Northern Hemisphere this will be around the end of July and into August and between the end of January into February for the Southern Hemisphere. [1] During this stage the colors of the grape take form—red/black or yellow/green depending on the grape varieties. This color changing is due to the chlorophyll in the berry skin being replaced by anthocyanins (red wine grapes) and carotenoids (white wine grapes). In a process known as engustment, the berries start to soften as they build up sugars. Within six days of the start of veraison, the berries begin to grow dramatically as they accumulate glucose and fructose and acids begin to fall. [8]

The onset of veraison does not occur uniformly among all berries. Typically the berries and clusters that are most exposed to warmth, on the outer extents of the canopy, undergo veraison first with the berries and clusters closer to the trunk and under the canopy shade undergoing it last. There are some factors in the vineyards that can control the onset of veraison, limited water stress and canopy management that creates a high "fruit to leaf" ratio can encourage veraison. This is because the vine is biologically programmed to channel all its energies and resources into the berries, which houses its seedling offspring, to provide them a better chance of survival. Conversely, very vigorous vines with plentiful leaf shading for photosynthesis and water supply will delay the start of veraison due to the vines energies being directed towards continued shoot growth of new buds. For the production of high-quality wine, it is considered ideal to have an earlier veraison. During this period the cane of the vine starts to ripen as well changing from green and springing to brown and hard. The vines begins to divert some of its energy production into its reserves in preparation for its next growth cycle. [8]

In the vineyard, the antepenultimate event is the harvest in which the grapes are removed from the vine and transported to the winery to begin the wine making process. In the Northern Hemisphere this is generally between September and October while in the Southern Hemisphere it is generally between February and April. The time of harvest depends on a variety of factors-most notably the subjective determination of ripeness. As the grape ripens on the vines, sugars and pH increase as acids (such as malic acid) decrease. Tannins and other phenolics also develop which can affect the flavors and aromas in the resulting wine. The threat of detrimental weather and vine diseases (such as grey rot) can also play a role in the time table. The balance of all these factors contributes to when a winemaker or vineyard manager decides that it is time to harvest. [1]

Following the harvest, the vines continue the process of photosynthesis, creating carbohydrate reserves to store in the vine's roots and trunks. It will continue doing this until an appropriate level of reserves have been stored. At that point the chlorophyll in the leaves begin to break down and the leaves change color from green to yellow. Following the first frost the leaves begin to fall as the vine starts to enter its winter dormancy period. The following spring, the cycle begins again. [1]


Of the several kinds of Carnations, the three most common are the annual carnations, border carnations and perpetual-flowering carnations.

Carnations are also commonly referred to by their scientific name, "Dianthus", the name given by the Greek botanist Theopharastus. Carnations got the name Dianthus from two Greek Words - "dios", referring to the god Zeus, and "anthos", meaning flower. Carnations are thus known as the "The Flowers of God".

Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Caryophyllales Family Caryophyllaceae Genus Dianthus

Carnations - Meanings

Another reason why carnations have become popular is because they come in numerous colors and each color of carnation has a different meaning. Some of these meanings are listed below.

Carnations What they Mean
Carnations in general Fascination, Woman's Love
Pink Carnations Mother's Love
Light red Carnations Admiration
Dark red Carnations Deep Love and a Woman's Affection
White Carnations Pure Love and Good Luck
Striped Carnations Regret, Refusal
Green Carnations St. Patrick's Day
Purple Carnations Capriciousness
Yellow Carnation Disappointment, Dejection

It is a good idea to check the meaning of the particular color or type of carnation before you gift them to someone.

Some Interesting Facts about Carnations

  • Carnations express love, fascination and distinction.
  • Carnations are native to Eurasia.
  • Historically, Carnations are known to have been used for the first time by Greeks and Romans in garlands.
  • Carnations are exotic to Australia but have been grown commercially as a flower crop since 1954.
  • Carnation blooms last a long time even after they are cut.
  • Carnation flowers have become symbolic of mother's love and also of Mother's Day. Learn why you should select carnations as Mother's day flowers.

About the Carnation Flower and Plant

The single flowers of the Carnations species, Dianthus caryophyllus have 5 petals and vary from white to pink to purple in color. Border Carnation cultivars may have double flowers with as many as 40 petals.

When grown in gardens, Carnations grow to between 6 and 8.5 cm in diameter. Petals on Carnations are generally clawed or serrated.

Carnations are bisexual flowers and bloom simply or in a branched or forked cluster. The stamens on Carnations can occur in one or two whorls, in equal number or twice the number of the petals.

The Carnation leaves are narrow and stalk less and their color varies from green to grey-blue or purple. Carnations grow big, full blooms on strong, straight stems.

Types of Carnations

Carnation cultivars are mainly of three types:

  • Large flowered Carnations - one large flower per stem.
  • Spray Carnations (Mini Carnations) - with lots of smaller flowers.
  • Dwarf flowered Carnations - several small flowers on one stem.

Growing Carnations

  • Carnations grow readily from cuttings made from the suckers that form around the base of the stem, the side shoots of the flowering stem, or the main shoots before they show flower-buds.
  • The cuttings from the base make the best plants in most cases.
  • These cuttings may be taken from a plant at any time through fall or winter, rooted in sand and potted up.
  • They may be put in pots until the planting out time in spring, which is usually in April or in any time when the ground is ready to be handled.
  • The soil should be deep, friable and sandy loam.

Carnation Plant Care

  • Carnations need some hours of full sun each day and should be kept moist.
  • Avoid over-watering as this may tend to turn the foliage yellow.
  • Spent flowers should be removed promptly to promote continued blooming.
  • The quality of the bloom depends on the soil and irrigation aspects for growing carnations.
  • Those who grow carnations should know the importance of pinching, stopping and disbudding.
  • At the time of plucking carnations, leave three to four nodes at the base and remove the stem.
  • The plant foliage should not be exposed to the direct heat of a stove or the sun.

It is always a good idea for both an avid gardener as well as a beginner to invest in a good book on gardening. To view books on Gardening online click here.

Do you know which is this small flower in Asturias? - Biology

The separation in time of the male and female phases has led most observers to believe that a vector or "pollinator" is needed to move pollen from one flower to another. The European honey bee is the commonly used pollinator. The data from the pollinizer project suggests that the spatial placement of pollinizers may be critical due to the foraging behavior of the honey bee since most honey bees tend to forage in a relatively small radius of 1 to 4 trees.

We have been monitoring honey bee activity on avocado during the last year and have compared the efficiency of two honey bee races (Italian and New World Carniolan). We monitored the percent of the honey bees visiting avocado flowers during the day. Figure 8. Show a honey bee visiting a male phase ‘Ettinger’ flower. We used the presence of perseitol, a sugar unique to avocado, to assay for honey bee visitation. The drop in the middle of the day approximates the time when the female and male flower phases are in transition (Figure 9).

Interesting data has been generated by this project. During the current year we are continuing collaboration with other researchers in Florida and Israel. We hope to further elucidate the mechanism by which pollen is transferred from male to female flowers as well to understand the role of the honey bee. This information will assist growers in making informed decisions regarding the subject of pollination.

12 Amazing Facts About Flowers

Since the beginning of time, flowers have intrigued us with their unique beauty and enticing scents. But some of these exceptional &lsquogifts of nature&rsquo possess unbelievable characteristics that are unknown to many of us. Here are some strange facts about flowers, both rare breeds and those we see regularly.


In 17th Century Holland, Tulip bulbs were more valuable than gold! The flower symbolized immortality, life and love. In 1630&rsquos a kind of frenzy for tulips occurred in Western Europe named &ldquoTulip mania&rdquo and tulips became so expensive as to be treated as a form of currency.Tulips lifespan is very short, being 3 to 7 days.

Gas Plant

Gas Plant or the Burning Bush as it is sometimes called, earned it's name because it's leathery green leaves, flowers and seed pods give off a strong lemon scented vapor which, on a calm summer night can be ignited with a match


Angelica was used in Europe for hundreds of years as a cure for everything from the bubonic plague to indigestion. It is thought that adding it to a ritual bath will break spells and hexes and has often been used to ward off evil spirits in the home. Because it resembles celery in odor and appearance, angelica sometimes is known as wild celery. Alternative medicine practitioners say Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion, hepatitis, and heartburn. It is useful to add in remedies for afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and digestive difficulties.


Flowers of bamboo are rarely seen. Some species of bamboo develop flowers after 65 or 120 years. Interesting fact about flowering is that all plants of one bamboo species develop flowers at the same time, no matter where they are located in the world.Bamboo releases 30% more oxygen into the atmosphere and absorbs more carbon dioxide compared to other plants. Because of these features, bamboo greatly decreases amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and cleans the air.


The lotus was considered a sacred flower by ancient Egyptians and was used in burial rituals. This flower blooms in rivers and damp wetlands, but may lie dormant for years during times of drought, only to rise again with the return of water. Egyptians viewed it as a symbol of resurrection and eternal life. While others view the flower as a symbol of beauty, grace, purity and serenity.

Blue cohosh

Blue cohosh, also known as squaw root or papoose root, was used by Native American women to ensure an easy labor and childbirth. According to an article on ancient birth control methods, Midwives today may use blue cohosh in the last month of pregnancy to tone the uterus in preparation for labour. The completely unrelated but similarly named black cohosh also has estrogenic and abortifacient properties and was often combined with blue cohosh to terminate a pregnancy.


It is said, albeit with dispute from some quaters, that the sunflower head track's the sun's movement, a phenomenon known as heliotropism. The Sunflower head is actually made of many tiny flowers called florets. M. Heijmf in the Netherlands grew the tallest sunflower which stood at 25' 5.5" tall in 1986. Sunflower seeds are rich in oil, which they store as a source of energy and food its seeds are crushed to produce sunflower oil for cooking.


The Agave, also known as the century plant spends many years without growing any flowers, after which it grows one single bloom and dies.This phenomenon is called being monocarpic.

Moon flower

Moon flowers bloom only at night, closing during the day. They have large 4 to 6 inch fragrant, white or pink flowers on twining vines. The Moon flower opens in the evening and lasts through the night, remaining open until it comes into contact with the morning Sun.


Roses are related to apples, raspberries, cherries, peaches, plums, nectarines, pears and almonds. Rose hips (the berry-like fruit structure of rose) of some species of rose are amongst the richest source of Vitamin C. They are used to make jams, jellies and also brewed for tea. In ancient Egypt roses were considered as sacred flowers. Ancient Egyptians used them during funerals to form a beautiful wreath on the tomb stone. The flower was used to serve the Goddess Isis in a sacred ritual.


Water-meal is one of the duckweeds in the family Lemnaceae that contains some 38 species of the smallest and simplest flowering plants. Each Wolffia flower consists of a single pistil and stamen it also produces the world&rsquos smallest fruit, called a utricle. The plant is found in quiet freshwater lakes or marshes with species worldwide. Since the plants have no roots, they can easily float on the surface of the water, where they resemble cornmeal.

Titan Arum

Titan Arum are the world&rsquos largest flower the circumference of their huge flowers can be over three metres and they stand three metres high with a single leaf able to grow to the size of a small tree. Due to its horrible smell of rotten flesh, it is also known as corpse flower.

Something for Everyone

Choices abound when it comes to the vibrant color combinations of Peruvian lily, from 10-inch dwarf varieties to the renowned Ligtu hybrid series with specimens topping out as tall as five feet.

And in addition to being gorgeous, the deep speckled throats of Alstroemeria attract beneficial pollinators, for a lively backyard habitat.

So, what will it be? An assortment of dwarf varieties along a border, tall specimens to anchor the back of a bed, or maybe both? Tell us more about what&rsquos growing in your garden in the comments below.

Photos by Allison Sidhu © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Originally published on January 18th, 2019. Last updated April 18, 2020. Product photos via Cool Springs Press, Burpee, and Seeds, Bulbs, Plants & More. Uncredited top photo by Allison Sidhu. Other uncredited photos via Shutterstock. With additional writing and editing by Allison Sidhu and Mike Quinn.

About Nan Schiller

Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she&rsquos always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she&rsquos learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

Growing Bulbous Irises

'Sapphire Beauty' Dutch Iris

Still other irises are the ones that grow from bulbs, as easy to plant and grow as a tulip. The common ones are called Dutch Irises, and their bulbs are small, about half the size of a tulip bulb. (Photo at right is the famous Dutch Iris named 'Sapphire Beauty.' )

These are the florist's favorite, and if you ever order a &ldquoSpring Arrangement&rdquo from a flower shop, you can bet these will be in there. They're the really beautiful irises on long, thin stems in the familiar blue with the bright flash of yellow, but also in reds, whites, yellows, and bicolors.

Whenever you buy tulips or daffodils for fall planting, be sure to also get some "Dutch Iris." They're usually listed in bulb sales under "other bulbs" or "minor bulbs." They're amazingly inexpensive, and you'll love them in spring.

Watch the video: Do you know any local small or medium size companies? (August 2022).