The common wood buck - Characteristics

The common wood buck - Characteristics

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Surname: Common wood buck
Latin name: Ixodes ricinus
class: Arachnids
size: about 5mm
mass: ?
Older: 2 - 3 years
Appearance: red, brown or black tank
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Blood eaters (hematophagus)
food: Blood (only the female wooden buck)
distribution: Europe
original origin:
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests with tall grass or shrubs
natural enemies: Threadworms, birds
sexual maturity: ?
mating season: ?
oviposition: 1000-3000 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the common wood buck

  • The common wood buck or Ixodes ricinus describes a species within the ticks.
  • It is native to central, northern and eastern Europe, where it mainly populates deciduous and mixed forests, but is also found in urban parks, in gardens and basically in all landscapes where tall grass, hedges and shrubs grow.
  • He prefers to stay in areas that have high humidity in summer.
  • In Germany and Austria, the common wood buck is considered the most common species of ticks.
  • The common wood buck has an egg-shaped and reddish brown to black body. It is a maximum of five millimeters long, the females are significantly larger than the males.
  • Also in appearance, the sexes differ significantly. While the chitin armor of males protects the entire back, is patterned and provided with pore channels, it covers only a small part of the upper back in the female.
  • The common wood buck has no eyes and orients itself with the help of the sitting on the legs and the so-called Haller's organ.
  • With these sensory organs he perceives potential hosts approaching him by recognizing their body heat, smell and breath.
  • Under fully grown wooden hives, only the females feed on blood, which they need as an energy and protein source for egg production.
  • They suck the blood of various animals such as wild boars, hedgehogs, rodents or dogs, as well as those of humans.
  • The common woodbuck waits for tall blades of grass and can simply be brushed off by its landlord as it passes by.
  • During a blood meal, he digests only the solid components of the blood, the liquid ingredients are returned via the stinging apparatus back to the host. As a result, viruses and bacteria that are in his gut, get into the bloodstream of his victim.
  • The common wood buck is considered to be a significant transmitter of dangerous infectious diseases, including Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis.
  • After mating, which often takes place while the female is sucking on a host, it lays up to three thousand eggs in the undergrowth and then dies.
  • The common woodbuck is only active at temperatures above 10 ° C. At a temperature of below 7 ° C, it decays into a winter stare.
  • The common woodblock becomes between two and three years old. He spends most of his life lying on blades of grass to ambush his victims.