Comparison of transcription and replication

Difference and similarities

NukleinsдurenRibonucleic acid (RNA)Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Involved enzymesRNA polymeraseTopoisomerase, helicase, RNA primase, DNA polymerase, Rnase H, ligase
functionSynthesis of mRNA for translationDoubling the genome
scopeSynthesis of a one-stranded mRNA that represents only one gene in protein biosynthesisSynthesis of two complete DNA double-strands
placeIn the nucleus; the mRNA leaves the cell nucleus and moves to the ribosomesIn the nucleus; The DNA stays there too