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Boiling point


What is the boiling point? Definition and explanation ...

Of the boiling point or the boiling indicates the temperature at which a chemical changes from a liquid to a gaseous state.
The simplest example of this is water: the boiling point is 100 ° C. Water below this temperature is in the known liquid form (liquid state of matter). Or, at temperatures below 0 ° C, in the form of ice (solid state of matter). With reach or exceed the boiling temperature, ie at least 100 ° C, the water evaporates to water vapor (gaseous state of matter).
For an overview of the states of aggregation:

List of boiling points (ordered in ascending order):

Chemical elementBoiling point (in ° C)
helium-269
hydrogen-252
neon-246
nitrogen-196
fluorine-188
argon-186
oxygen-183
krypton-152
xenon-108
radon-61
chlorine-34
bromine58
iodine184
phosphorus280
astatine337
mercury357
sulfur445
francium677
selenium685
rubidium688
cesium690
cadmium765
potassium774
sodium890
zinc907
polonium962
tellurium990
magnesium1110
lithium1330
strontium1380
ytterbium1430
europium1440
thallium1460
calcium1487
bismuth1560
antimony1635
barium1637
radium1737
lead1744
samarium1900
thulium1950
indium2000
manganese2100
silver2210
gallium2400
aluminum2470
chrome2482
copper2595
dysprosium2600
holmium2600
americium2607
tin2620
promethium3000
nickel2730
iron3000
germanium2830
scandium2730
cobalt2900
erbium2900
yttrium2930
palladium2960
beryllium2969
gold2970
gadolinium3000
neodymium3030
Curium3110
terbium3123
praseodymium3130
plutonium3230
silicon3260
titanium3260
actinium3300
lutetium3330
vanadium3407
cerium3470
lanthanum3470
rhodium3727
platinum3827
neptunium3902
boron3930
uranium3930
protactinium4027
iridium4130
ruthenium4150
technetium4265
zirconium4377
hafnium4603
molybdenum4612
niobium4744
thorium4788
osmium5000
tantalum5420
rhenium5630
tungsten5930